The human body can be affected in various ways during or through exercise. A distinction is made between sports injuries and overuse injuries. An injury is due to an acute event – an accident, a so-called macro trauma. On the other hand, damage occurs as a result of chronic overuse or overload over a longer period – i.e. through repeated microtraumas.The main causes of many injuries are to be found in the athlete himself/herself: e.g. lack of prerequisites, Inadequate training of motor skills, unsuitable equipment, false ambition, inattention and fatigue etc. . Other causes are, for example, massive pressure to perform, high stress during competition and poor recovery regeneration.
In the case of open wounds the sports injury doctor singapore , depending on the size of the wound, plaster or a sterile, loosely wrapped bandage is applied. There must be no congestion. For first aid, ointments and tinctures are superfluous or even harmful. One disinfection is only carried out if a suitable agent is available that is compatible with the mucous skin and does not cause additional pain.
If there is heavy bleeding in the arm, leg or head, a pressure bandage is applied. The hand or foot should be held above heart level if possible, and professional help must be called as soon as possible. Almost all bleeding can be stopped by pressing bandages, a towel or an item of clothing directly onto the wound and Paper tissue packs etc can be used as pressure pads. A cloth or scarf, for example, is suitable as a temporary bandage.
At Nose bleeds the athlete should sit down bent over with their mouth open and breathe calmly. Both nostrils are pressed together with your thumb and forefinger for about five to ten minutes. It is helpful to put a cold, damp cloth behind the neck. If the bleeding does not stop, the affected nostril can be closed with a compress.
Protection against hypothermia: In the event of an injury, make sure that the athlete does not get hypothermic. Sweaty and wet sportswear must be taken off. If dry clothing is not available, the injured person is wrapped in other textiles or a blanket.
Good protection against hypothermia, direct sunlight or moisture is a rescue blanket, which must be available in every vehicle first-aid kit. The silver side is on the inside in contact with the injured person, the golden layer is on the outside.
Do not eat or drink anything: In the case of severe injuries, an operation that may be necessary must always be considered, for which the athlete should be sober.
No medication: Athletes should not take any medication or pain relievers without medical advice. Exceptions are, for example, long transport routes to the nearest doctor’s practise or clinic.