The breast is also known as the mammary gland in the medical field. This is mainly found in females and comprises lobules, a milk-producing glandular structure that transports the milk to the nipples. The breast’s functioning is crucial in adequately feeding and growing a newborn baby.
Breast cancer is a fatal disease. If not cured within the early stages, it may lead to the loss of life. There are various treatments given to the patient to examine the condition and stages of cancer. breast cancer treatment includes surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, etc.
Types of therapies for breast cancer treatment
Although, there are numerous therapies provided to the patient in their current stage. Let’s explore in detail the various treatment processes.
Radiotherapy is also termed radiation therapy. In this therapy, high-energy radiations (X-rays) kill the cancer cells within the organ. This therapy is prescribed in the early stages or the spreading stage of the cancer cells.
Radiotherapy is generally considered the most effective treatment after surgery. Its effect varies from person to person. These therapies are usually given within the hospital. You may be allowed to leave just after the external radiotherapy. The stay could be for a couple of days if you have implants or radioisotope therapy.
Their side effects can involve the loss of hair, soreness and red skin, feeling sick, sore mouth, and even diarrhea. Most of them automatically stop after the treatment ceases.
Chemotherapy is the process of killing cancer cells with the help of certain drugs. It’s another breast cancer treatment procedure used to reduce cancer reproducing cells, which prevents the further spreading of the cells in the body.
Apart from treating cancer, it can also aid in some adverse effects like damaging the blood cells, skin cells, and other healthy cells in your body. Other unpleasant side effects include feeling drowsy, hair loss, sore mouth, and diarrhea.
Hormones like estrogen and progesterone are usually found in the human body. It can dramatically enhance the stimulation of cancer cells. They are also referred to as hormone receptor-positive cancers. Hormone therapy mitigates the estrogen and progesterone level in the body or stops their effects. This therapy is given after surgery or chemotherapy. If your cancer cells are insensitive to hormones, this will have no side-effect.