No one actually knows the exact cause of prostate cancer. According to autopsy studies, it is revealed that one in three men over the age of 50 have cancer cells in the prostate. Most of these are small in size. These tumors are not dangerous.
Although the exact reason for prostate cancer is not known, there are a number of risks associated with the disease. Here is a list of risk factors for Prostate Cancer:
Prostate cancer is mainly an age-related disease. As men age, the risk of getting this cancer increases. Prostate cancer among younger men is rare. Since men over the age of 50-55 are more prone to damage to the genetic material (DNA) of prostate cells, the risk of developing prostate cancer increases. The abnormal and damaged prostate cells start growing out of control. This results in the formation of tumors. Age is definitely the most common risk for prostate cancer.
Men who smoke are more likely to develop prostate cancer as compared to those who don’t. Studies have revealed that the risk of prostate cancer may almost double for men who are heavy smokers. This should be taken seriously because smoking is also linked to a higher risk of deaths from prostate cancer.
Studies have revealed that African American men are more prone to develop prostate cancer. Research has reported that at least one in six African American men is likely to get this disease. Some studies have even reported that African American men are more likely to develop this type of cancer at an earlier age. Their tumors are also aggressive that metastasize faster and even cause death. Although the link between ethnicity and prostate cancer is not very clear, this may be due to certain factors like diet, socioeconomic, environmental, etc. Asian and Hispanic men are less prone to developing prostate cancer.
This is a significant risk factor of prostate cancer. Men with a family history of this condition face a higher risk of also developing this disease. A man is at double or thrice the risk of developing this cancer if his brother, son, or father has/had it. The risk will go up with the number of cases in the family that comes into light. So it is important to visit a reputed prostate cancer treatment center for a check-up if you hear that one of your members in the family is diagnosed with the condition.
Cancer and related deaths may vary with different regions of the world. This number is higher in North America and Northern Europe. The increase in number may be due to more screening procedures. Other reasons include poor dietary habits, lack of physical activities, hereditary, environmental exposures etc.
Diet also has serious effects on the risk of developing prostate cancer. The risk of cancer gets higher for those who consume eat more calories. Those who consume animal fats and refined sugar are at higher risk. Men who do not take enough fruits and vegetables in the diet are also more prone to this condition.
A lack of exercise is also linked to poor outcomes. Obesity (or being very overweight) is known to increase a man’s risk of dying from prostate cancer. One way to minimize decrease your risk is to lose weight and keep it off.
This is an underlying risk factor for prostate cancer. Fats have a tendency to stimulate increased production of testosterone and other hormones. Most part of the growth of prostate cancer depends on testosterone. It increases the speed of prostate cancer growth. Higher testosterone levels can stimulate dormant prostate cancer cells into activity. Many studies suggest that higher levels of testosterone can influence the initial onset of prostate cancer.