Many people wish to lose weight. This is possible through the gastric bypass surgery. This has many names such as bariatric surgery, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, or weight loss surgery – gastric bypass.
Doing the surgery
The surgery has two parts – one the part where the surgeon makes a pouch in the stomach and second, the part where he makes the bypass. The process of making the pouch is called stomach stapling. The surgeon makes the stomach into two portions, one a large one and the second a smaller portion or a pouch.
The small portion of the stomach will hold only a cup or so of food. Due to the small size, people eat less food and feel full quickly. Now, the surgeon disconnects the pouch from the bigger portion and the first portion of the intestine where the absorption of the nutrients takes place.
The pouch is connected further down to the jejunum. This part of the surgery is called the Roux-en-Y. Once this is done, the food passes directly from the stomach to the intestines. Due to this, the body will absorb lesser amounts of nutrients and calories. The gastric bypass surgery cost in India is low.
Benefits of losing weight
Usually the people who have this surgery will lose 10-20 pounds during the initial period but will stop losing weight after one or two years. If one follows the diet prescribed by the hospital doctor and do exercises, one can lose more weight. Losing weight will help patients deal with medical conditions such as these:
- High blood pressure
- Obstructive sleep apnoea
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Type 2 diabetes
- High cholesterol
People who lose weight have a much better life. They can walk around and do more work easily. This leads to higher quality of life.
Possible side effects after the surgery
After the surgery, the patients might develop complications. Some of these complications are minor. These include the following:
- Wound infections
- Digestive problems
These problems affect about 10% of the patients. Another 1-5% of the patients might develop life-threatening complications.
- Blood clot
- Serious infection and bleeding
- Leak in the surgical connections
- Heart attack
Prognosis is good
If the surgeon is experienced, then the chances of death are minimized. The outcome of the surgery also depends on the clinic where you do the surgery. Other health problems could arise due to the lower amount of nutrient absorption.
This happens due to the malabsorption of iron and calcium. One must take nutrition supplements after one has had the surgery. Take blood tests to get an idea of the actual health condition. Check with the hospital for the cost of gastric bypass surgery in India.
The weight loss after surgery is significant. Most of the patients lose 60% of the excess weight after the surgery. For example, a person who is 333 pounds and 140 pounds overweight will lose 84 pounds immediately. You can expect them to become 249 pounds in weight in the first month. Many weight related problems such as diabetes, asthma, high blood pressure, and obstructive sleep apnoea disappear. One should make lifestyle changes to keep the weight off. This includes exercising.